Coronavirus 20 or COVID-19?
The coronavirus explosion has been widely published in the world’s news and the World Health Organization (WHO) has officially declared it as a pandemic since March 11.
This means that the disease is spreading in various countries around the world, at the exact time impacting hundreds of thousands of people on all continents, resulting in a number of deaths that, to date, begins again to rise. While the health councils work to stop its growth and impact on the population, we bring a guide on this disease and what we must do to curb it.
WHAT IS CORONAVIRUS?
A coronavirus is a group of viruses that cause illnesses varying from the common cold to more serious illnesses such as pneumonia, Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). It should be noted that the coronavirus strain (2019-nCoV) that has caused the explosion in China is new and was not once known.
WHAT IS COVID-19?
COVID-19 is the most recently found out infectious disease caused by the coronavirus. Both were unknown before the outbreak in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.
HOW DID THE CORONAVIRUS ORIGINATE?
On December 31, 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) received reports of the existence of pneumonia, of unknown origin, in the city of Wuhan, China. Quickly, in early January, councils in this country identified the reason as a new strain of coronavirus. The disease has been spreading to other continents such as Asia, Europe, and America.
As for its start, the apparent animal origin of COVID-19 has not yet been confirmed.
WHAT SYMPTOMS DOES THE CORONAVIRUS HAVE?
The main symptoms of the coronavirus virus include:
- Respiratory warnings (related to those of a cold)
- Fever (high temperature)
- Dry cough
- Shortness of breath or tiredness
- Breathing difficulties
- In more severe cases, the virus can cause pneumonia or severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), which is a serious form of pneumonia, kidney failure, and even death. In other cases, some infected people do not develop any symptoms, but they can still infect the rest of the population.
WHO IS AFFECTED?
There are confirmed cases of coronaviruses in nearly the entire world, including China, Europe (with the first outbreaks in Italy and Spain), Iran, the United States, Africa, Australia, India, the UK, Spain, Germany. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) have understood the state of a pandemic, which suggests the development of this disease. That is why travel has been prohibited and many countries have closed their borders, to try to prevent its growth.
HOW IS THE CORONAVIRUS TRANSMITTED?
According to news from the WHO, the coronavirus is transmitted by person-to-person contact with someone infected (even if they do not have symptoms). Therefore, the best way to avoid letting this virus is by following good hygiene methods that include:
- Staying away from sick people
- Do not reach your skin (mouth, nose or eyes)
- Retain a minimum distance of one meter with the rest of the people. (Social distancing)
- Wash your hands frequently and thoroughly for at least 20 seconds with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer or wash them with soap and water. It is important to do this even if there is no apparent dirt on the hands
- Practice respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or handkerchief when you cough or sneeze. Discard used tissue instantly
- Always wash your hands after coughing or sneezing; if you are caring for someone; when you are preparing food, cooking meats and/or eggs. Also after eating; after using the toilet; if your hands are dirty, and/or have been near a farm or wild animals
- Keep up home and exercise social secrecy or quarantine
- Stay home if you are not feeling well
- Follow the updated instructions from the health administrations of your country
WHEN TO GET HELP?
If you think you have been exposed to contact with an affected person, stay at home, and practice social isolation or quarantine. If you evolve any of the symptoms associated with the coronavirus, or. it is important that you seek medical attention as soon as possible. Ask the telephone numbers enabled in your country to receive medical vigilance and monitor the development of symptoms.
It is important that you reach your doctor before going to see him and inform him if you have had a recent trip.